Alt

Alt

A tiny optical-inertial tracking module. The tracker is placed on objects that are being tracked. It determines their position in space.
The Alt is a small and lightweight 6DoF positional tracker. It can determine its position and orientation in space with submillimeter accuracy and low latency.
The Alt uses a sensor fusion approach for tracking: inertial measurement unit (IMU) provides inertial data with real-time IMU correction based on optical data.

Data correction takes place along the tracking area that consists of reference points — markers. A custom-designed lens with a 230-degree field of view can detect markers, even when the tracker is not pointed directly at them.
Sometimes the tracker fails to detect markers, for example, when the user accidentally obstructs the view of the optical sensor for a short time during the game. This doesn’t lead to a failure in operation — the system can continue tracking with inertial data alone.

The Alt can not only instantly obtain the current positioning data but also extrapolate it, i.e. predict the position of the tracked object in the future. This allows compensating for rendering latency.

Another way to reduce data processing latency is to free the Host (VR headset, PC, etc.) from some of the computation. For this purpose, the Alt provides onboard data processing. This allows to reduce the load on the communication channel and retain the performance of the host for other purposes.

Tracking real-world objects

The Alt can track any physical real-world objects: users’ body parts, furniture, camera.
You could place the Alt almost anywhere on the tracked object thanks to its small size. A Socket is required for tracker connectivity and fixation on the object. Each of the sockets extends the functionality and adapts the device for specific use cases (for example, a Bracer is convenient for hand tracking).

Compatibility with VR equipment

The Alt, when combined with different sockets, is compatible with a wide variety of hardware, particularly with most VR headsets.
For joint use, set up the tracker’s Placement on the HMD (or another VR hardware) in the AntilatencyService. You can select default placement, available for most HMDs, or set up a custom placement.
We are developing special solutions for some devices, for example, Pico G2 Socket.
Antilatency tracking can be integrated with a VR headset’s own tracking system. To do this, use Antilatency Tracking Alignment Library.

Tracking reliability

Tracking system needs to detect at least one unique optical pattern in order to determine the position and orientation of the tracker and begin object tracking.
Sometimes the optical sensor can’t detect patterns, for example, due to the user obstructing the view of the markers during the game. In this case, tracking will not malfunction, because the system can determine the position of the tracker with its inertial sensors.
The inertial data provides tracking for enough time to acquire a new image from the optical sensor and resume optical tracking.

Tracker sensors

An optical-inertial module of the Alt contains:
Combining all sensors in one device ensures their synchronization.

Low latency

The frequency of receiving data from sensors is different:
Sensor fusion puts down precise timestamps for receiving data from each of the sensors.
Shooting the frame and its processing in the optical sensor takes a certain time that depends on exposure time. About 30 IMU measurements are made in the gap between the end of frame processing and receiving new optical data.
This reduces the data update time to 2 ms.

Sensor fusion

The Alt uses a sensor fusion approach that forms a combined data stream. It’s based on the sensor fusion data: inertial data is used as a foundation, and is then corrected when the next optical measurements are received.
Due to this correction, the noise inherent in inertial tracking doesn’t accumulate. The correction is not performed separately for each optical data update but takes into account previous measurements. In other words, there is the smoothing of a certain amount of historical data, where recent observations weigh more than older ones.
The getState method is used to correct the state where a period of historical data is sent as a parameter. The regular value for this variable is the DefaultAngularVelocityAvgTime constant.
Thus, tracking data has low latency due to inertial measurements on one hand, and high accuracy due to information from the optical sensor on the other.

Data extrapolation

Sensor fusion data not only contains information about the current position but also predicts (extrapolates) future positioning data: position, rotation, and motion parameters of the tracked object. Data extrapolation allows compensating for the latency that inevitably occurs during rendering.
To get an extrapolated state the getExtrapolatedState method is used.
Note, that the longer the period of extrapolation is, the less accurate the result will be. Therefore, we suggest extrapolating no more than 1 second.

Onboard processing

You will require a Socket to send tracking data from the Alt to the Host.
Transmitting an entire image from an optical sensor requires a high bandwidth connection between the tracker and the host and introduces additional latency.
To minimize latency, the image from the optical sensor is processed directly in the Alt. The calculated coordinates and sizes of markers found in the image are transmitted to the host.
This onboard preprocessing reduces the load on the host device and the communication channel.
Moreover, the resulting optical image is processed by parallel algorithms. They recognize groups of pixels that likely correspond to markers. Image processing is performed when data is read from the optical sensor, so there is no need to store the entire frame in the tracker’s memory.
This approach significantly reduces the computational complexity of subsequent processing of the tracking data. It also decreases the memory requirements of the tracker’s storage device.

Custom optics

The optical sensor receives information through a custom-designed factory calibrated lens with
a 230-degree field of view. Good visibility of the markers provides stable and accurate tracking.
Be careful when handling the Alt, because small scratches and chips on the glass may reduce the sensor’s visibility.
The scheme of a lens’ FOV:

Coordinate system

The Alt’s coordinate system:
Pay attention to the location of the origin: it has an offset relative to the back of the tracker. Learn more: Placement.

Technical specifications

Optical sensor, accelerometer, gyroscope
Tracking frequency
Optical sensor: 60-400 fps
Inertial sensors: 2000 Hz
2 ms
Optics FOV
230°
Power consumption
In tracking mode: 175 mA @ 3 V
In idle mode: 130 mA @ 3 V
Connectivity
Provided by Socket
Operating temperature
+5°C — +50°C
Humidity
≤75% (+25°C)
Dimensions
16 × 16 × 21 mm
Weight
10.5 g

3D model

You can download Alt’s 3D model by clicking Download button:

LED signals

Please, read here to learn about the states of the Alt and its LED indication: Alt: color codes.